- n. 肥皂
- vt. 将肥皂涂在……上；对……拍马屁（俚语）
- vi. 用肥皂擦洗
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 sape,肥皂，油膏，来自 Proto-Germanic*saipon,松脂，油脂，来自 PIE*seib,*seip, 滴，溢，词源同 seep,sebum.原始的肥皂即动物油脂与草木灰碱的混合物。
- soap: [OE] The word soap is of West Germanic origin. It comes from a prehistoric *saipō (source also of German seife and Dutch zeep). This may have been related to Old English sīpian ‘drip’, suggesting that it perhaps originally referred to a stage in the manufacture of soap. The Romans, like the Greeks, used oil for cleansing the skin, not soap, and so they did not have their own native word for it. Instead they borrowed the Germanic term, as sāpō, which has evolved into French savon, Italian sapone, and Spanish jabon. Germanic *saipō was also acquired by Latvian (ziepes), Finnish (saippio), and Lappish (saipo).
- soap (n.)
- Old English sape "soap, salve" (originally a reddish hair dye used by Germanic warriors to give a frightening appearance), from Proto-Germanic *saipon "dripping thing, resin" (cognates: Middle Low German sepe, West Frisian sjippe, Dutch zeep, Old High German seiffa, German seife "soap," Old High German seifar "foam," Old English sipian "to drip"), from PIE *soi-bon-, from root *seib- "to pour out, drip, trickle" (cognates: Latin sebum "tallow, suet, grease").
Romans and Greeks used oil to clean skin; the Romance language words for "soap" (cognates: Italian sapone, French savon, Spanish jabon) are from Late Latin sapo "pomade for coloring the hair" (first mentioned in Pliny), which is a Germanic loan-word, as is Finnish saippua. The meaning "flattery" is recorded from 1853.
- soap (v.)
- 1580s, from soap (n.). Related: Soaped; soaping.
- 1. With soap and water, bubbles and boats, children love bathtime.
- 2. A small colour television was tuned to an afternoon soap opera.
- 3. Wash the feet, underarms and body surface using a soap.
- 4. Wash your face thoroughly with a mild soap and warm water.
- 5. He had soap suds in his ears.
[ soap 造句 ]