1. st- "stand, fixed" => sti- "fixed" + pend- => stipend: 定期支付、固定支付的薪金。
来自拉丁语 stipendium,支付，工资，薪金，来自 stips,救济，施舍，捐款，礼物，小额付款， 原指一堆小硬币，词源可能同 stiff,-pend,支付，词源同 spend,expend.该词与 salary 有区别， 类似于部队支付给义务兵和士官的工资在性质上的差别。
- stipend:  Latin stīpendium denoted a ‘tax’ or ‘levy’. It was a compound noun formed from stips ‘payment, donation’ and pendere ‘weigh, pay’. It subsequently shifted in meaning to ‘wages, salary’, and particularly ‘soldier’s pay’, both of which passed into English via Old French stipende.
=> pendant, pendulum, spend
- stipend (n.)
- early 15c., "periodical payment; soldier's pay," from Latin stipendium "tax, impost, tribute," in military use "pay, salary," from stips "alms, small payment, contribution of money, gift" + pendere "weigh" (see pendant). According to Klein's sources, the first element is related to Latin stipes "log, stock, trunk of a tree" (see stipe). As a verb from late 15c.
- 1. a summer internship with a small stipend
- 2. This sum was nearly a third of his total stipend.
- 3. There will moreover be a stipend of fifty pounds a year.
- 4. An absence without adequate excuse could result in the suspension of a financial stipend.
- 5. All interships carry a stipend and most provide a tuition waiver.
[ stipend 造句 ]