CET6+ TEM4 GRE
来自意大利语caporale, 来自词根cap, 头，见captain. 即小头领，拼写受词根corp影响。corporal 身体的，实体的
来自PIE*kwrep, 身体。可能进一步来自PIE*sker, 弯，围，成块，词源同cram, crowd, corm(?).
- corporal:  Corporal comes via Old French corporal from Latin corporālis ‘bodily’, an adjective derived from corpus ‘body’. The noun corporal ‘non-commissioned officer’  was probably originally a completely different word. It was borrowed from French corporal, which appears to have been an alteration of caporal; this in turn came from Italian caporale, a derivative of capo ‘head’ (the change to corporal seems to have been based on the notion of the corporal as being in charge of a ‘body’ of troops).
- corporal (n.)
- lowest noncommissioned army officer, 1570s, from Middle French corporal, from Italian caporale "a corporal," from capo "chief, head," from Latin caput "head" (see capitulum). So called because he was in charge of a body of troops. Perhaps influenced by Italian corpo, from Latin corps "body." Or corps may be the source and caput the influence, as the OED suggests.
- corporal (adj.)
- "of or belonging to the body," late 14c., from Old French corporal (12c., Modern French corporel) "of the body, physical, strong," from Latin corporalis "pertaining to the body," from corpus (genitive corporis) "body" (see corps). Corporal punishment "punishment of the body" (as opposed to fine or loss of rank or privilege) is from 1580s. Related: Corporality.
- 1. Lance Corporal Williams officiously ordered them out.
- 2. The corporal shouted an order at the men.
- 3. "Where to, Corporal?" asked Trooper Fane respectfully.
- 4. Lance Corporal Alan Smith
- 5. A private is subordinate to a corporal.
[ corporal 造句 ]