- vt. 掘；舀取；抢先获得；搜集
- n. 勺；铲子；独家新闻；凹处
CET6+ TEM4 IELTS GRE
1. shove => shovel => scoop.
2. 形近区别：stoop, swoop, scoop.
3. 独家新闻: American English, from earlier commercial slang verbal sense of "appropriate so as to exclude competitors".
来自中古荷兰语 schope,舀水桶，来自 West Germanic*skopo,容器，来自 PIE*skep,切，分开， 词源同 ship,shape.引申词义勺，铲子等，引申比喻义抢先报道，独家新闻。
- scoop:  Scoop appears to go back ultimately to a prehistoric Germanic base *skap- which originally denoted ‘chop or dig out’ (it was later extended metaphorically to ‘form’, and in that sense has given English shape). It had a variant form *skōp-, amongst whose derivatives was West Germanic *skōpō. This evolved into Middle Dutch and Middle Low German schōpe, which was used for the bucket of a dredge, water-wheel, etc, and English borrowed it early in the 14th century. The journalistic sense ‘story’ reported in advance of competitors’ emerged in the USA in the 1870s.
- scoop (v.)
- mid-14c., "to bail out," from scoop (n.) and from Low German scheppen "to draw water," from Proto-Germanic *skuppon (cognates: Old Saxon skeppian, Dutch scheppen, Old High German scaphan, German schöpfen "to scoop, ladle out"), from PIE root *skeubh- (cognates: Old English sceofl "shovel," Old Saxon skufla; see shove (v.)). In the journalistic sense from 1884. Related: Scooped; scooping.
- scoop (n.)
- early 14c., "utensil for bailing out," from Middle Dutch schope "bucket for bailing water," from West Germanic *skopo (cognates: Middle Low German schope "ladle"), from Proto-Germanic *skop-, from PIE *(s)kep- "to cut, to scrape, to hack" (see scabies). Also from Middle Dutch schoepe "a scoop, shovel" (Dutch schop "a spade," related to German Schüppe "a shovel," also "a spade at cards").
Meaning "action of scooping" is from 1742; that of "amount in a scoop" is from 1832. Sense of "a big haul, as if in a scoop net" is from 1893. The journalistic sense of "news published before a rival" is first recorded 1874, American English, from earlier commercial slang verbal sense of "appropriate so as to exclude competitors" (c. 1850).
- 1. She gave him an extra scoop of clotted cream.
- 2. Scoop the blanket weed out and use it to line hanging baskets.
- 3. Prying off the plastic lid, she took out a small scoop.
- 4. All the newspapers really want to do is scoop the opposition.
- 5. Cut a marrow in half and scoop out the seeds.
[ scoop 造句 ]