- n. 忧郁；阴暗
- vi. 变阴暗；变忧沉；感到沮丧
- vt. 使黑暗；使忧郁
CET6 TEM4 GRE
词源同gleam, glimmer, 微光，朦胧。引申义忧郁。
- gloom (n.)
- 1590s, originally Scottish, "a sullen look," probably from gloom (v.) "look sullen or displeased" (late 14c., gloumen), of unknown origin; perhaps from an unrecorded Old English verb or from a Scandinavian source (compare Norwegian dialectal glome "to stare somberly"), or from Middle Low German glum "turbid," Dutch gluren "to leer." Not considered to be related to Old English glom "twilight" (see gloaming).
Sense of "darkness, obscurity" is first recorded 1629 in Milton's poetry; that of "melancholy, dejection, cloudiness or cheerless heaviness of mind" is from 1744; but gloomy with a corresponding sense is attested from 1580s.
- 1. Ellery's return will help to chase away some of the gloom.
- 2. The economic gloom of the early 1980s was relieved by fanciful architecture.
- 3. The gloom deepened after a thumping £45m loss at British Rail.
- 4. "I wish I did," said Phil Jordan, relapsing into his usual gloom.
- 5. The pound's weakness compounded the widespread gloom in the City.
[ gloom 造句 ]