1. 希腊根词 trope "turn" (转向，转动) => trope.
2. 同源词：trophy, trope, tropic, tropics.
来自拉丁语 tropus,转义，比喻，来自希腊语 tropos,转向，旋转，比喻说法，来自 trope,转向， 旋转，来自 PIE*trep,转，来自 PIE*ter,转，词源同 turn,tropic.引申诸相关词义。
- trope: see troubadour
- trope (n.)
- 1530s, from Latin tropus "a figure of speech," from Greek tropos "a turn, direction, course, way; manner, fashion," in rhetoric, "turn or figure of speech," related to trope "a turning" and trepein "to turn," from PIE root trep- (2) "to turn" (cognates: Sanskrit trapate "is ashamed, confused," properly "turns away in shame;" Latin trepit "he turns"). Technically, in rhetoric, "a figure of speech which consists in the use of a word or phrase in a sense other than that which is proper to it" [OED], "as when we call a stupid fellow an ass, or a shrewd man a fox" [Century Dictionary].