英 ['daɪəpə] 美 ['daɪpɚ]
  • n. 尿布
  • vt. 给孩子换尿布
  • n. (Diaper)人名;(英)迪亚珀
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diaper 尿布

来自希腊语diaspros, 白色的,dia-, 穿过,-aspros, 白色。原指一种半透明的织物材料,后用来指尿布。

diaper: [14] The notion underlying diaper is of extreme whiteness. It comes ultimately from Byzantine Greek díaspros, which was a compound formed from the intensive prefix diaand áspros ‘white’. (Aspros itself has an involved history: it started life as Latin asper ‘rough’ – source of English asperity – which was applied particularly to bas-relief on carvings and coins; it was borrowed into Byzantine Greek and used as a noun to designate silver coins, and their brightness and shininess led to its reconversion into an adjective, meaning ‘white’.) Díaspros appears originally to have been applied to ecclesiastical vestments, and subsequently to any shiny fabric.

When the word first entered English, via medieval Latin diasprum and Old French diapre, it referred to a rather rich silk fabric embellished with gold thread, but by the 16th century it was being used for less glamorous textiles, of white linen, with a small diamond-shaped pattern. The specific application to a piece of such cloth used as a baby’s nappy (still current in American English) seems to have developed in the 16th century.

=> asperity
diaper (n.)
mid-14c., "fabric with a repeated pattern of figures," from Old French diaspre "ornamental cloth; flowered, patterned silk cloth," perhaps via Medieval Latin diasprum from Medieval Greek diaspros "thoroughly white," or perhaps "white interspersed with other colors," from dia- (see dia-) + aspros "white."

Aspros originally meant "rough," and was applied to the raised parts of coins (among other things), and thus was used in Byzantine Greek to mean "silver coin," from which the bright, shiny qualities made it an adjective for whiteness. Modern sense of "underpants for babies" is continuous since 1837, but such usage has been traced back to 1590s.
diaper (v.)
late 14c., "to put a small, repeated pattern on," from Old French diaprer, variant of diasprer, from diaspre (see diaper (n.)). Meaning "to put a diaper on" (a baby) is attested by 1951. Related: Diapered; diapering.
1. To the British, however, he word " napkin " or " nappy " actually means " diaper. "
然而在英国人的词汇中, “napkin(餐巾) ” 或写作 “ nappy ”这个词实际意义为 “ 尿布(diaper) ”.


2. Cloth diaper may be folded in a triangle or a rectangle.


3. Now I can help diaper him.


4. Place the diaper under the infant's buttocks and fold sides in, between his legs.
将尿布置于婴儿的臀下, 在两腿之间将两边摺进去.


5. The Gross National Product were seen as a hadgepodge of Buicks, chickens, shirts, and diaper services.
把国民生产总值看成是比克脾汽车, 小鸡, 衬衫和织补服务等的大杂烩.


[ diaper 造句 ]