zone (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict[zone 词源字典]
late 14c., from Latin zona "geographical belt, celestial zone," from Greek zone "a belt, the girdle worn by women at the hips," related to zonnynai "to gird," from PIE root *yos- "to gird" (cognates: Avestan yasta- "girt," Lithuanian juosiu "to gird," Old Church Slavonic po-jasu "girdle"). The 10c. Anglo-Saxon treatise on astronomy translates Latin quinque zonas as fyf gyrdlas.

Originally one of the five great divisions of the earth's surface (torrid, temperate, frigid; separated by tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and Arctic and Antarctic circles); meaning "any discrete region" is first recorded 1822. Zone defense in team sports is recorded from 1927.[zone etymology, zone origin, 英语词源]
zone (v.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1760, "mark with zones," from zone (n.). Land use planning sense is from 1916. Related: Zoned; zoning.
zoned (adj.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1960s in drug-use sense, from ozone (n.), which is found high in the atmosphere; the related verb to zone is from 1980s.
zoning (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"land-use planning," 1912, verbal noun from zone (v.).
zonk (v.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1950, "to hit hard;" 1968, "to put into a stupor;" slang term, of echoic origin.
zoo (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
c. 1847, short for Zoological Gardens of the London Zoological Society, established 1828 in Regent's Park to house the society's collection of wild animals. The first three letters taken as one syllable. "From a mere vulgarism, this corruption has passed into wide colloquial use" [Century Dictionary]. Slang meaning "crowded and chaotic place" first recorded 1935.
word-forming element meaning "animal, living being," from comb. form of Greek zoion "an animal," literally "a living being," from PIE root *gwei- "to live, life" (source also of Greek bios "life," Old English cwicu "living;" see bio-).
zoography (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1590s, from zoo- + -graphy. Related: Zoographer; zoographic.
zoolatry (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"worship of animals or an animal," 1817, from zoo- + -latry. Related: Zoolater; zoolatrous.
zoological (adj.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1807, from zoology + -ical.
zoologist (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1660s, from zoology + -ist.
zoology (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"science of animals," 1660s, from Modern Latin zoologia, from Greek zoion "animal" (see zoo-) + -logia "study" (see -logy).
zoom (v.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1886, of echoic origin. Gained popularity c. 1917 as aviators began to use it. As a noun from 1917. The photographer's zoom lens is from 1936, from the specific aviation sense of zoom as "to quickly move closer."
zoomorphic (adj.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"representative of animals," especially representative of a god in the form of an animal, 1872, from zoo- + morphe "shape" (see Morpheus) + -ic. Related: Zoomorphism.
zoon (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"animal form containing all elements of a typical organism of its group," 1864, from Greek zoion "animal" (see zoo-).
zoonosis (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"disease communicated to humans by animals," plural zoonoses, 1876, from zoo- "animal" + nosos "disease" (see noso-).
zoonotic (adj.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1900, from zoonosis + -ic.
zoophagous (adj.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"carnivorous," 1840, from zoo- + -phagous. Related: Zoophagy; zoophage.
zoophilia (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
"attraction to animals involving release of sexual energy," 1899, in a translation of Krafft-Ebing, from zoo- "animal" + -philia. "[F]ormerly not implying sexual intercourse or bestiality" [OED]. The meaning "sympathy or tender care for living creatures" is in the nativized formation zoophily (1886).
zoophobia (n.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
1901, from zoo- "animal" + -phobia. Related: Zoophobic; zoophobe.