CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
de-, 向下。-cid, 砍，击，词源同concise, incision. 引申义决定。
- decide:  Etymologically, decide denotes a resolving of alternatives or difficulties by cutting through them as if with a knife or a sword – dealing with them ‘at a stroke’. The word comes, perhaps via French décider, from Latin dēcidere, a compound verb formed from the prefix dē- ‘off’ and caedere ‘cut, strike’. It is not clear where this comes from, although Sanskrit khid- ‘press, tear’ has been compared.
Its other descendants in English include chisel, cement, concise, and scissors. (Other verbs for ‘decide’ which contain the basic meaning element ‘cut through’ or ‘separate’ include Latin dēcernere and German entscheiden.)
=> cement, chisel, concise, excise, incision, precise, scissors
- decide (v.)
- late 14c., "to settle a dispute," from Old French decider, from Latin decidere "to decide, determine," literally "to cut off," from de- "off" (see de-) + caedere "to cut" (see -cide). For Latin vowel change, see acquisition. Sense is of resolving difficulties "at a stroke." Meaning "to make up one's mind" is attested from 1830. Related: Decided; deciding.
- 1. A dentist may decide to extract the tooth to prevent recurrent trouble.
- 2. He might decide that it is best to induce labour.
- 3. If the clubs cannot conclude a deal, an independent tribunal will decide.
- 4. The judges could not decide which category it belonged in.
- 5. I couldn't decide whether he was incredibly brave or just insane.
[ decide 造句 ]