- n. 刺痛；讽刺，刺激；刺毛
- vt. 刺；驱使；使…苦恼；使…疼痛
- vi. 刺痛；被刺痛；感到剧痛
- n. (Sting)人名；(英)斯廷；(德)施廷
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1. 死叮 → 蜇、咬
2. sting => stingu-, stinct- "prick, stick, pierce".
来自古英语 stingan,刺，插，戳，叮，来自 Proto-Germanic*stingan,刺，插，来自 PIE*stengh, 鼻音化自*stegh,刺，插，词源同 stake,stick,instinct.引申诸相关词义。
- sting: [OE] Sting comes from a prehistoric Germanic base *stengg-, which also produced Swedish stinga and Danish stinge. This denoted ‘pierce with something sharp’ (‘He with a spear stung the proud Viking’, Battle of Maldon 993), a meaning which was not ousted in English by the more specialized application to insects until the late 15th century. Stingy  may be based on stinge ‘act of stinging’, a dialectal noun derived from Old English stingan ‘sting’; an underlying sense ‘having a sting, sharp’ is revealed in the dialectal sense ‘bad-tempered’.
- sting (v.)
- Old English stingan "to stab, pierce, or prick with a point" (of weapons, insects, plants, etc.), from Proto-Germanic *stingan (cognates: Old Norse stinga, Old High German stungen "to prick," Gothic us-stagg "to prick out," Old High German stanga, German stange "pole, perch," German stengel "stalk, stem"), perhaps from PIE *stengh-, nasalized form of root *stegh- "to prick, sting" (cognates: Old English stagga "stag," Greek stokhos "pointed stake").
Specialized to insects late 15c. Intransitive sense "be sharply painful" is from 1848. Slang meaning "to cheat, swindle" is from 1812. Old English past tense stang, past participle stungen; the past tense later leveled to stung.
- sting (n.)
- Old English stincg, steng "act of stinging, puncture, thrust," from the root of sting (v.). Meaning "sharp-pointed organ capable of inflicting a painful puncture wound" is from late 14c. Meaning "carefully planned theft or robbery" is attested from 1930; sense of "police undercover entrapment" first attested 1975.
- 1. The police ran a sting operation to crack down on illegal guns.
- 2. This won't hurt — you will just feel a little sting.
- 3. Remove the bee sting with tweezers.
- 4. Sprays can sting sensitive skin.
- 5. The scorpion has a sting that can be deadly.
[ sting 造句 ]