CET6+ TEM8 GRE
1. ec- "out" + st- "place, cause to stand" (hist- [sist-] => st-, 也就是脱落、吸收、简化、缩略的过程) + -asy (Greek -asis => -asy).
2. => drive out of one's mind. => 灵魂出窍，出神，入迷。=> 狂喜的，出神的，心醉神迷的，使着迷的，陶醉的。
3. 灵魂出窍 => 得意忘形。这两种情况都是差不多的，都是脱离了本体。
ec-, 向外。-st, 站。比喻义，偏离原地的，灵魂出窍的。
- ecstasy:  Etymologically, someone who is ecstatic is out of his or her mind. The word comes, via Old French extasie and late Latin extasis, from Greek ékstasis, a derivative of the verb existánai ‘displace, drive out of one’s mind’. This was a compound formed from the prefix ek- ‘out’ and histánai ‘place’ (a distant relative of English stand).
The underlying notion of being ‘beside oneself, in the grip of extreme passion’ survives in modern English in relation to mystic experiences or trances, and also, albeit archaically, in such phrases as ‘an ecstasy of rage’, and the specific sense ‘delight’ developed only comparatively recently, apparently in the 17th century.
- ecstasy (n.)
- late 14c., extasie "elation," from Old French estaise "ecstasy, rapture," from Late Latin extasis, from Greek ekstasis "entrancement, astonishment, insanity; any displacement or removal from the proper place," in New Testament "a trance," from existanai "displace, put out of place," also "drive out of one's mind" (existanai phrenon), from ek "out" (see ex-) + histanai "to place, cause to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet).
Used by 17c. mystical writers for "a state of rapture that stupefied the body while the soul contemplated divine things," which probably helped the meaning shift to "exalted state of good feeling" (1610s). Slang use for the drug 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine dates from 1985. Formerly also spelled ecstasie, extacy, extasy, etc. Attempts to coin a verb to go with it include ecstasy (1620s), ecstatize (1650s), ecstasiate (1823), ecstasize (1830).
- 1. He sat mute, speechless with ecstasy, gazing into the sky.
- 2. One wondered what heights of ecstasy the winner reached.
- 3. I saw him doing ecstasy in the toilets.
- 4. One tab of Ecstasy costs at least £15.
- 5. She was in a trancelike state of religious ecstasy.
[ ecstasy 造句 ]