- n. 板条箱；篓
- vt. 将某物装入大木箱或板条箱中
CET6+ TEM4 GRE
2. crate => grate（格栅、炉栅 ）。
3. cradle, cart => crate.
4. cradle => cart (音位变换) <====> hurdle.
来自PIE*sker, 转，弯，编织，词源同cradle, crib. 原指篮子。
- crate:  Crate is usually connected with Latin crātis ‘hurdle’, making it a relative of grate, griddle, and grill(e), and indeed an isolated example of crate in the early 16th century, which unequivocally means ‘hurdle’, certainly must come from that source. However, the main body of evidence for crate begins in the late 17th century, and its meaning, ‘large case or box’, is sufficiently far from ‘hurdle’ to raise doubts about its origins. Another possible source that has been suggested is Dutch krat ‘basket’.
=> grate, griddle, grill
- crate (n.)
- "large box," 1680s, earlier "hurdle, grillwork" (late 14c.), from Latin cratis "wickerwork, lattice, kitchen-rack," or from Dutch krat "basket;" both perhaps from a common PIE root *kert- "to turn, entwine" (see hurdle (n.)).
- crate (v.)
- "to put in a crate," 1871, from crate (n.). Related: Crated; crating.
- 1. a crate of bananas
- 2. We broke open the crate with a blow from the chopper.
- 3. The workers tightly packed the goods in the crate.
- 4. The cat was sitting on an upturned crate.
- 5. Someone has stuck a label on the crate.
[ crate 造句 ]