wrench

英 [ren(t)ʃ] 美 [rɛntʃ]
  • n. 扳手,扳钳;扭伤;痛苦;歪曲;猛扭
  • vt. 扭伤;猛扭;曲解;折磨
  • vi. 扭伤;猛扭;猛绞
  • n. (Wrench)人名;(英)伦奇
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星级词汇:
wrench
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1. *sker- "cut"; *ker- / *wer- "turn, bend, wind, twist" (see curve, versus).
2. *wer- => *wr- "turn, bend, wind, twist".
3. *wr- => 同源词:wring => wrench (类比:drink => drench) "twist",
4. => wring => wrangle "dispute, wrestle" (与什么纠缠不休,类比:versus),
5. => wring => wrong "twisted, crooked, wry, wrong" (取本义为扭曲的、歪曲的这些含义的引申义),
6. => wring => wrinkle "wrinkled, crooked, winding, crease"; from PIE *wreng- "turn", nasalized variant of *werg- "turn" (cf. Latin vergere "turn, tend toward"), from *wer.
7. *wer- / *wr- => 其它同源词:worry (因为纠缠而纠结、烦恼),
8. => wry "distorted, twisted" (from *wrig- "turn" => awry, wrist "the turning joint", wriggle, wrest "twist, wrench", wrestle (wrest 的反复体)),
9. => wreath (from *wreit- "turn, bend" => writhe "twist or bend", wroth "angry" (literally "tormented, twisted")),
10. => wrap (from *werp- "turn, wind" => warp), worm (cf. Latin vermis "worm"),
11. => worth (literally "turn into", from PIE *wert- "turn, wind"),
12. => weird ("fate, destiny," literally "that which comes", from PIE *wert- "turn, wind", For sense development from "turning" to "becoming," cf. phrase turn into "become"),
13. => -ward (adverbial suffix expressing direction, Old English -weard "toward," literally "turned toward," variant of PIE *wert- "turn, wind"), rhombus (from PIE *wremb-, from *werb- "turn, twist, bend").
wrench 猛拉

来自PIE*wer,弯,转,拧,词源同wring,wrest。引申义猛拉。

wrench (v.)
Old English wrencan "to twist," from Proto-Germanic *wrankjan (cognates: Old High German renken, German renken "to twist, wrench," Old English wringan "to wring"), from PIE *wreng- "to turn" (cognates: Sanskrit vrnakti "turns, twists," Lithuanian rengtis "to grow crooked, to writhe"), nasalized variant of *werg- "to turn" (cognates: Latin vergere "to turn, tend toward"), from root *wer- (3) "to turn, bend" (see versus). Related: Wrenched, wrenching.
wrench (n.)
Old English wrenc "a twisting, artifice, trick;" see wrench (v.). The meaning "tool with jaws at one end for turning or holding" is first recorded 1794.
1. He felt two men wrench the suitcase from his hand.
他感觉有两个人在使劲拽他手里的手提箱。

来自柯林斯例句

2. She tore at one man's face as she tried to wrench free.
她试图挣脱时朝一个男子的脸上抓去。

来自柯林斯例句

3. I had to run around to several shops to get that wrench.
我跑了好几家商店,才找到那种扳手.

来自《现代汉英综合大词典》

4. He gave a wrench to his ankle when he jumped down.
他跳下去的时候扭伤了足踝.

来自《现代英汉综合大词典》

5. He pulled the handle off with a wrench.
他一拧就把把手拧了下来.

来自《简明英汉词典》

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