前缀a-, 没有。methyst, 酒，词源同mead，酒。古时候传说佩戴该石能防醉酒。amethyst 紫水晶
希腊前缀a-在辅音前表否定，methys-词根表酒，与日耳曼词源的mead [miːd] n.蜂蜜酒同源。Amethyst是一名水泽仙女，不堪酒神Dionysus的纠缠，求助于月亮和狩猎女神Artemis，后者将她变成一块宝石。Dionysus无奈中将宝石变作紫色（红酒的颜色）。古人认为紫水晶解酒。
- amethyst:  The amethyst gets its name from a supposition in the ancient world that it was capable of preventing drunkenness. The Greek word for ‘intoxicate’ was methúskein, which was based ultimately on the noun methú ‘wine’ (source of English methyl, and related to English mead). The addition of the negative prefix a- ‘not’ produced the adjective améthustos, used in the phrase líthos améthustos ‘anti-intoxicant stone’. This was borrowed as a noun into Latin (amethystus), and ultimately into Old French as ametiste. English took it over and in the 16th century re-introduced the -th- spelling of the Latin word.
=> mead, methyl
- amethyst (n.)
- violet quartz, late 13c., ametist, from Old French ametiste (Modern French améthyste) and directly from Medieval Latin amatistus, from Latin amethystus, from Greek amethystos "amethyst," literally "not intoxicating," from a- "not" + methyskein "make drunk," from methys "wine" (see mead (n.1)); based on the stone's ancient reputation for preventing drunkenness, which was perhaps sympathetic magic suggested by its wine-like color. People wore rings made of it before drinking. Spelling restored from Middle English ametist.
- 1. Amethyst was believed by the Greeks to protect a person from drunkenness.
- 2. She pinned a large amethyst brooch to her lapel.
- 3. On display are earrings, necklaces and bracelets made from jade, amber and amethyst.
- 展出的有用玉石 、 琥珀和紫水晶做的耳环 、 项链和手镯.
- 4. Most of it is a variety of amethyst: that heat turned brown.
- 大多数石英是一种 紫水晶,高温使其变为棕色.
- 5. Research results on growth of amethyst crystal by hydrothermal method are presented.
[ amethyst 造句 ]