- vi. 搜索；用耙子耙；掠过，擦过
- vt. 倾斜；搜索；掠过；用耙子耙
- n. 耙子；斜度；钱耙；放荡的人，浪子
- n. (Rake)人名；(英)雷克；(塞)拉凯
CET6+ TEM8 CET4 考 研 CET6
1. rack, reach => rake.
2. reg- => rake.
3. This was short for the now defunct rakehell, which comes from the notion that one would have to search through hell with a rake to find such a bad man.
来自古英语 raca,耙子，来自 Proto-Germanic*rak,堆集，集中，来自 PIE*reg,伸直，拉直，词 源同 regulate,reach,rack.可能由堆积引申词义陡坡，倾斜。rake 浪子，放荡子
- rake: English has three distinct words rake. The oldest, ‘toothed implement’ [OE], goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *rak- or *rek- ‘gather, heap up’, which also produced German rechen ‘rake’. It may be descended ultimately from Indo-European *rog-, *reg- ‘stretch’ (source of Latin regere ‘rule’ and English right), the notion of ‘stretching’ developing via ‘stretch out the hand’ to ‘collect, gather’. Rake ‘slant, inclination’  is of uncertain origin, although it seems likely that it is related to German ragen ‘project’.
It formed the basis of the adjective rakish  (inspired originally by the backwardinclined masts on certain fast sailing ships), but this has since become associated with the third rake, ‘dissolute man’ . This was short for the now defunct rakehell , which comes from the notion that one would have to search through hell with a rake to find such a bad man.
=> right; rakish
- rake (n.1)
- "toothed tool for drawing or scraping things together," Old English raca "rake," earlier ræce, from Proto-Germanic *rak- "gather, heap up" (cognates: Old Norse reka "spade, shovel," Old High German rehho, German Rechen "a rake," Gothic rikan "to heap up, collect"), from PIE *reg- (1) "move in a straight line" (cognates: Greek oregein "to reach, stretch out," Latin regere "direct, rule; keep straight, guide;" see regal), perhaps via its action, or via the notion of "implement with straight pieces of wood" [Watkins].
- rake (v.)
- mid-13c., "clear (rubbish, grass, etc.) by raking; gather (grain) by raking," from rake (n.1), or from a lost Old English verb related to it, or from a similar Scandinavian source (compare Swedish raka, Danish rage "rake"). Of gunfire from 1630s. Related: Raked; raking. To rake in money or something like it is from 1580s.
- rake (n.2)
- "debauchee; idle, dissolute person," 1650s, shortening of rakehell. Hogarth's "Rake's Progress" engravings were published in 1735.
- 1. Rake the soil, press the seed into it, then cover it lightly.
- 2. The privatisation allowed companies to rake in huge profits.
- 3. Nobody wanted to rake over his past history.
- 4. In the autumn I rake up the dead leaves.
- 5. Rake out the cinders before you start a new fire.
[ rake 造句 ]