- vi. 扣住；变弯曲
- vt. 扣住；使弯曲
- n. 皮带扣，带扣
- n. (Buckle)人名；(英)巴克尔
CET6+ TEM4 IELTS GRE TOEFL
buckle 带扣“八扣”---- 八个扣子、八个带扣 →扣上
来自拉丁词bucca, 下巴，脸颊。原指系在下巴上的帽子，搭扣。来自PIE *bheu, 膨胀，鼓起来，词源同bucket.
- buckle:  English acquired buckle via Old French boucla from Latin buccula ‘cheek strap of a helmet’. This was a diminutive form of Latin bucca ‘cheek’ (source of French bouche ‘mouth’), which gave English the anatomical term buccal ‘of the cheeks’ , and some have speculated is related to English pock. The notion of ‘fastening’ implicit in the Latin word carried through into English.
As well as ‘cheek strap’, Latin buccula meant ‘boss in the middle of a shield’. Old French boucle adopted this sense too, and created the derivative boucler, originally an adjective, meaning (of a shield) ‘having a central boss’. English borrowed this as buckler ‘small round shield’ . The verb buckle was created from the English noun in the late 14th century, but the sense ‘distort’, which developed in the 16th century, comes from French boucler, which had come to mean ‘curl, bulge’.
Also from the French verb is bouclé ‘yarn with irregular loops’ .
=> bouclé, buckler
- buckle (v.1)
- late 14c., bokelen, "to fasten with a buckle," from buckle (n.). Related: Buckled; buckling. To buckle down "apply effort, settle down," (1874) is said to be a variant of knuckle down (see knuckle).
- buckle (n.)
- "spiked metal ring for holding a belt, etc., c. 1300, bukel, from Old French bocle "boss (of a shield)," then "shield," then by further extension "buckle, metal ring," (12c., Modern French boucle), from Latin buccula "cheek strap of a helmet," in Late Latin "boss of a shield," diminutive of bucca "cheek" (see bouche).
Boucle in the middle ages had the double sense of a "shield's boss" and "a ring"; the last sense has alone survived, and it metaph. developed in the boucle de cheveux, ringlets. [Kitchin]
- buckle (v.2)
- "distort, warp, bend out of shape" 1520s, bokelen "to arch the body," from Middle French boucler "to bulge," from Old French bocler "to bulge," from bocle "boss of a shield" (see buckle (n.)). Meaning "bend under strong pressure" is from 1590s (figurative from 1640s) . Related: Buckled; buckling.
- 1. Her whole body began to buckle, unbalancing the ladder.
- 2. The door was beginning to buckle from the intense heat.
- 3. A sign just ahead of me said, Buckle Up. It's the Law.
- 4. The two ends buckle at the back.
- 5. She found it hard to buckle down.
[ buckle 造句 ]