- vt. 培养；树立；栽种
- vi. 暴跳；高耸
- adv. 向后；在后面
- adj. 后方的；后面的；背面的
- n. 后面；屁股；后方部队
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语 raeran,升起，上升，来自 Proto-Germanic*risana,上升，举起，来自 PIE*rei,上升， 举起，词源同 rise,raise.引申词义抚养，养育。rear 后面的，屁股
来自（缩写自）拉丁语 retro,后面的，词源同 retroactive,retrospect.引申俚语词义屁股。
- rear: There are two separate words rear in English. The older, ‘raise’ [OE], is a descendant of prehistoric Germanic *raizjan, which also produced Old Norse reisa, source of English raise. The Germanic verb denoted literally ‘cause to rise’, and was derived from *reisan, which evolved into English rise. Rear ‘hind’  is descended ultimately from Latin retrō- ‘behind’, but it is not clear whether it came into the language as an abbreviation of arrear , which goes back via Old French arere to medieval Latin adretrō ‘to the rear’ (the Anglo- Norman noun areres existed in the 14th century, so the chronological disparity may not be crucial), or was extracted from rearguard , a borrowing from Old French rereguarde.
=> raise, rise; arrear, retro
- rear (n.)
- "hindmost part," c. 1600, abstracted from rerewarde "rear guard, hindmost part of an army or fleet" (mid-14c.), from Anglo-French rerewarde, Old French rieregarde, from Old French adverb riere "behind" (from Latin retro "back, behind;" see retro-) + Old French garde (see guard (n.)). Or the word may be a shortened form of arrear (see arrears).
As a euphemism for "buttocks" it is attested from 1796. Rear admiral is first attested 1580s, apparently so called from ranking "behind" an admiral proper. Rear-view (mirror) is recorded from 1926.
- rear (v.1)
- Old English ræran "to raise, build up, create, set on end; arouse, excite, stir up," from Proto-Germanic *raizijanau "to raise," causative of *risanan "to rise" (see raise (v.)). Meaning "bring into being, bring up" (as a child) is recorded from early 15c.; that of "raise up on the hind legs" is first recorded late 14c. Related: Reared; rearing.
- rear (adj.)
- c. 1300, from Old French rere (see rear (n.)).
- rear (v.2)
- "attack in the rear," 17c., from rear (n.).
- 1. Those electing to smoke will be seated at the rear.
- 2. He settled back in the rear of the taxi.
- 3. Musicians played at the front and rear of the procession.
- 4. The Lord Mayor follows at the rear in his gilded coach.
- 5. This nippy new car has fold down rear seats.
[ rear 造句 ]