TEM8 GRE TOEFL
1. consume => sumptuous.
来自拉丁语 sumptus,购买的，花销的，吃喝的，过去分词格于 sumere,购买，花销，缩写自 *sub-emere,来自 sub,向下，emere,买，词源同 assume,assumption,emption.-ous,形容词后缀。 后引申词义奢华的，奢侈的。
- sumptuous:  Etymologically, sumptuous denotes ‘expensive, costly’; its modern connotations of ‘luxury’ or ‘lavishness’ are a secondary development. It comes via Old French somptueux from Latin sumptuōsus, a derivative of sumptus ‘expense’. This in turn was based on the past participle of the verb sūmere ‘spend, consume, take’ (source also of English assume , consume , presume , resume , and subsume ). And sūmere in turn was a compound verb, formed from the prefix sub- ‘under’ and emere ‘take’ (source of English example, redeem, etc).
=> assume, consume, example, presume, redeem, resume, sample, subsume
- sumptuous (adj.)
- late 15c., from Old French sumptueux or directly from Latin sumptuosus "costly, very expensive; lavish, wasteful," from sumptus, past participle of sumere "to borrow, buy, spend, eat, drink, consume, employ, take, take up," contraction of *sub-emere, from sub- "under" (see sub-) + emere "to take, buy" (see exempt (adj.)). Related: Sumptuously; sumptuousness.
- 1. She produces elegant wedding gowns in a variety of sumptuous fabrics.
- 2. Johnson stared goggle-eyed at Kravis' sumptuous quarters.
- 3. We dined in sumptuous surroundings.
- 4. The guests turned up dressed in sumptuous evening gowns.
- 5. The king gave a sumptuous banquet.
[ sumptuous 造句 ]