hamstring

英 ['hæmstrɪŋ] 美
  • n. 腿筋
  • vt. 切断腿筋使成跛腿;使残废
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hamstring
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1. 火腿肠(ham sausage), 火腿(ham).
hamstring 肌腱

ham,膝弯,string,弦。引申词义肌腱。

hamstring (v.)
1640s, "to disable, render useless," a figurative verbal extension from hamstring (n.) "tendon at the back of the knee." Cutting this would render a person or animal lame. Literal sense of the verb is attested from 1670s. Since it is a verb from a noun-noun compound, hamstrung as a past participle is technically incorrect.
[I]n hamstring, -string is not the verb string; we do not string the ham, but do something to the tendon called the hamstring; the verb, that is, is made not from the two words ham & string, but from the noun hamstring. It must therefore make hamstringed. [Fowler]
hamstring (n.)
"tendon at the back of the knee," 1560s, from ham "bend of the knee" (see ham (n.1)) + string (n.).
1. She's pulled a hamstring.
她拉伤了一条腘绳肌腱。

来自《权威词典》

2. If he becomes the major opposition leader, he could hamstring a conservative-led coalition.
如果他成为主要反对党的领袖,可能会导致保守党领导的联合政府陷于瘫痪。

来自柯林斯例句

3. A damaged hamstring has ruled him out of contention for Wednesday's international against Spain.
腘绳肌腱拉伤使他无法参加星期三对抗西班牙的国际比赛。

来自柯林斯例句

4. Webster has not played since suffering a hamstring injury in the opening game.
韦伯斯特自从在首场比赛中伤了绳肌腱后就再也没有参赛了。

来自柯林斯例句

5. He felt a slight twinge in his damaged hamstring.
他受伤的腘绳肌感到一阵轻微的刺痛。

来自辞典例句

[ hamstring 造句 ]