- n. 弯曲，歪曲；偏见；乖戾
- vt. 使变形；使有偏见；曲解
- vi. 变歪，变弯；曲解
CET6+ TEM8 GRE
1. Wharf has relatives in German werft 'wharf, shipyard' and Dutch werf 'shipyard'. All three appear to go back to a prehistoric Germanic base *(kh)werb-, *(kh)warb- 'turn', which also produced German werfen 'throw' and English warp.
2. see wrench.
- warp: [OE] Warp originally meant ‘throw’ (‘Saint Paul’s head after his decease in a deep vewar [fishpond] warped was’, Scottish Legends of the Saints 1375). The notion of ‘bending’ or ‘twisting’ is a secondary development (first recorded in the 14th century). Its immediate inspiration may have been the related Old Norse past participle orpinn ‘warped’, but the underlying motivation was no doubt a conceptual link between ‘throwing’ and ‘twisting’, presumably via ‘throw with a twisting action’ (it is probably no coincidence that English throw originally meant ‘twist’).
The word came from a prehistoric Germanic base *werb-, which also produced German werfen and Dutch werpan ‘throw’. This was probably descended from Indo-European *wer-, source also of Latin vertere ‘turn’, from which English gets revert, version, etc.
=> convert, revert, version, wharf
- warp (v.)
- "to bend, twist, distort," Old English weorpan "to throw, throw away, hit with a missile," from Proto-Germanic *werpan "to fling by turning the arm" (cognates: Old Saxon werpan, Old Norse verpa "to throw," Swedish värpa "to lay eggs," Old Frisian werpa, Middle Low German and Dutch werpen, German werfen, Gothic wairpan "to throw"), from PIE *werp- "to turn, wind, bend" (cognates: Latin verber "whip, rod;" Greek rhabdos "rod," rhombos "magic wheel"), from root *wer- (3) "to turn, bend" (see versus).
Connection between "turning" and "throwing" is perhaps in the notion of rotating the arm in the act of throwing; compare Old Church Slavonic vrešti "to throw," from the same PIE root. The meaning "twist out of shape" is first recorded c. 1400; intransitive sense is from mid-15c. Related: Warped; warping.
- warp (n.)
- "threads running lengthwise in a fabric," Old English wearp, from Proto-Germanic *warpo- (cognates: Middle Low German warp, Old High German warf "warp," Old Norse varp "cast of a net"), from PIE *werp- "to turn, bend" (see warp (v.)). The warp of fabric is that across which the woof is "thrown." Applied in 20c. astrophysics to the "fabric" of space-time, popularized in noun phrase warp speed by 1960s TV series "Star Trek."
- 1. The window frames had begun to warp.
- 2. There is a warp in this record.
- 3. I never had any toys, my father thought that they would warp my personal values.
- 4. When a divorced woman re-enters the world of dating and romance, she's likely to feel as though she has entered a time warp.
- 5. Left out in the heat of the sun, tapes easily warp or get stuck in their cases.
[ warp 造句 ]