某些穆斯林国家统治者的称号，来自中古法语 sultan,土耳其统治者，来自阿拉伯语 sultan, 统治者，国王，王公，原义为力量，权力。
- sultan:  Arabic sultān meant ‘ruler’. It was derived from Aramaic shultānā ‘power’, which in turn was based on the verb shəlēt ‘have power’. English acquired the word via medieval Latin sultānus. The Italian version of the word is sultano, whose feminine form has given English sultana ‘sultan’s wife’ . The word was applied to a variety of small raisin (originally in full sultana raisin) in the early 19th century.
- sultan (n.)
- 1550s, from Middle French sultan "ruler of Turkey" (16c.), ultimately from Arabic sultan "ruler, prince, monarch, king, queen," originally "power, dominion." According to Klein's sources, this is from Aramaic shultana "power," from shelet "have power." Earlier English word was soldan, soudan (c. 1300), used indiscriminately of Muslim rulers and sovereigns, from Old French souldan, soudan, from Medieval Latin sultanus. Related: Sultanic.
- 1. The Sultan was still nominally the Chief of Staff.
- 2. The first comer was the Sultan himself.
- 3. the Sultan of Brunei
- 4. Everyone was entirely subject to the whim of the Sultan.
- 5. The sultan's wives and concubines live in the harem.
[ sultan 造句 ]