- vi. 爆发，突发；爆炸
- vt. 爆发，突发；爆炸
- n. 爆发，突发；爆炸
- n. (Burst)人名；(德、罗)布尔斯特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1. burn => burst (可以理解为因为内部剧烈燃烧而急剧膨胀导致的突然爆炸、爆发、迸发).
2. 可以把 burst 理解为 burn 的最高级形式，燃烧到极端、突破了临界点导致突然的爆炸、爆发、迸发。
- burst: [OE] In Old English, burst meant simply ‘break suddenly and sharply’; the modern connotation of ‘breaking open owing to internal pressure’ developed in the 16th century. The word comes from a prehistoric West and North Germanic *brestan, which can be traced back to an Indo-European base *bhrest- (this has been linked with medieval Irish brosc ‘noise’).
- burst (v.)
- Old English berstan (intransitive) "break suddenly, shatter under pressure" (class III strong verb; past tense bærst, past participle borsten), from a West Germanic metathesis of Proto-Germanic *brest- (cognates: Old Saxon brestan, Old Frisian bersta, Middle Dutch berstan, Low German barsten, Dutch barsten, Old High German brestan, German bersten "to burst"), from PIE root *bhres- "to burst, break, crack."
The forms reverted to brest- in Middle English from influence of Old Norse brestan/brast/brosten, from the same Germanic root, but it was re-metathesized late 16c. and emerged in the modern form, though brast was common as past tense through 17c. and survives in dialect.
Of extended or distended surfaces from 1530s. Figuratively, in reference to being over-full of excitement, anticipation, etc., from 1630s. Transitive sense ("to cause to break") is from late 13c. Meaning "to issue suddenly and abundantly" is from c. 1300 (literal), mid-13c. (figurative). Meaning "break into sudden activity or expression" is from 1680s. Related: Bursting.
- burst (n.)
- 1610s, "act of bursting," from burst (v.). Meaning "a spurt" (of activity, etc.) is from 1862. The earlier noun berst (early Middle English) meant "damage, injury, harm."
- 1. A brilliant shaft of sunlight burst through the doorway.
- 2. Her burst of exuberance and her brightness overwhelmed me.
- 3. Rachel burst out as the door was flung open again.
- 4. The avenues lined with jacaranda trees burst into a carnival of purple.
- 5. The men burst in wearing balaclavas and brandishing sawn-off shotguns.
[ burst 造句 ]