- n. 蜕下的皮（或壳）；绝境；[地理] 泥沼；[外科] 腐肉
- vt. 使陷入泥沼；抛弃
- vi. 蜕皮；脱落；在泥浆中跋涉
词源不详，可能来自辅音丛 sl-,砍，劈，分开，比较 slab,slip,slat,slit,slot.参照 skin,皮肤，剥 皮，来自 PIE*skei,砍，撕，分开。slough 泥沼，沼泽，深渊
来自辅音丛 sl-,黏滑的，淤泥的，泥浆的，比较 slop,slosh,slough,sludge.
- slough (n.1)
- "muddy place," Old English sloh "soft, muddy ground," of uncertain origin. Compare Middle Low German sloch "muddy place," Middle High German sluoche "ditch." Figurative use (of moral sunkenness or Bunyan's "Slough of Despond," 1678) attested from mid-13c.
- slough (v.)
- "to cast off" (as the skin of a snake or other animal), 1720, originally of diseased tissue, from Middle English noun slough "shed skin of a snake" (see slough (n.)). Related: Sloughed; sloughing.
- slough (n.2)
- "cast-off skin" (of a snake or other animal), early 14c., slughe, slouh, probably related to Old Saxon sluk "skin of a snake," Middle High German sluch "snakeskin, wineskin," Middle Low German slu "husk, peel, skin," German Schlauch "wineskin;" from Proto-Germanic *sluk-, of uncertain origin, perhaps from PIE root *sleug- "to glide."
- 1. She tried hard to slough off her old personality.
- 2. All reptiles have to slough their skin to grow.
- 3. He was sinking into the Slough of Despond.
- 4. He was not able to slough off the memories of the past.
- 5. A cicada throws its slough.
[ slough 造句 ]