CET6+ TEM4 GRE
1. perhaps from root *sen- and meaning properly "the slower or weaker hand".
2. 该词本义为：left, on the left side.
3. 由于在古代占卜学中认为左边，即西边是不吉利的、不吉祥的，因为西边是日落的方向，往往象征着衰落、衰败、衰退。由此该词的含义引申为“ 不吉利的，不祥的，险恶的”。
来自古法语 sinistre,向左的，不利的，来自拉丁语 sinister,左边。词义演变来自“左”在古代 与邪恶，凶恶相联系的隐含义。比较 dextrose,右旋糖，dexterity,灵巧，灵活。
- sinister: see left
- sinister (adj.)
- early 15c., "prompted by malice or ill-will, intending to mislead," from Old French senestre, sinistre "contrary, false; unfavorable; to the left" (14c.), from Latin sinister "left, on the left side" (opposite of dexter), of uncertain origin. Perhaps meaning properly "the slower or weaker hand" [Tucker], but Klein and Buck suggest it's a euphemism (see left (adj.)) connected with the root of Sanskrit saniyan "more useful, more advantageous." With contrastive or comparative suffix -ter, as in dexter (see dexterity).
The Latin word was used in augury in the sense of "unlucky, unfavorable" (omens, especially bird flights, seen on the left hand were regarded as portending misfortune), and thus sinister acquired a sense of "harmful, unfavorable, adverse." This was from Greek influence, reflecting the early Greek practice of facing north when observing omens. In genuine Roman auspices, the augurs faced south and left was favorable. Thus sinister also retained a secondary sense in Latin of "favorable, auspicious, fortunate, lucky."
Meaning "evil" is from late 15c. Used in heraldry from 1560s to indicate "left, to the left." Bend (not "bar") sinister in heraldry indicates illegitimacy and preserves the literal sense of "on or from the left side" (though in heraldry this is from the view of the bearer of the shield, not the observer of it).
- 1. There is nothing sinister or conspiratorial about the export licensing system.
- 2. There was something sinister about him that she found disturbing.
- 3. There was something cold and sinister about him.
- 4. There is something sinister at the back of that series of crimes.
- 5. In your remarks you alluded to a certain sinister design.
[ sinister 造句 ]