- n. 英里；一英里赛跑；较大的距离
- n. (Mile)人名；(塞、匈、法)米莱
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- mile: [OE] Latin mille denoted ‘thousand’ (it is the source of English millennium , etymologically a ‘thousand years’, and, via Italian and French, of million ). Its plural mīllia was used in ancient Rome for a measure of length equal to a thousand paces. This was borrowed into prehistoric West Germanic as *mīlja, which has subsequently differentiated into German meile, Dutch mijl, and English mile. (The English mile is over 100 yards longer than the Roman one was.)
=> millennium, million
- mile (n.)
- Old English mil, from West Germanic *milja (cognates: Middle Dutch mile, Dutch mijl, Old High German mila, German meile), from Latin milia "thousands," plural of mille "a thousand" (neuter plural was mistaken in Germanic as a fem. singular), of unknown origin.
The Latin word also is the source of French mille, Italian miglio, Spanish milla. The Scandinavian words (Old Norse mila, etc.) are from English. An ancient Roman mile was 1,000 double paces (one step with each foot), for about 4,860 feet, but there were many local variants and a modern statute mile is about 400 feet longer. In Germany, Holland, and Scandinavia in the Middle Ages, the Latin word was applied arbitrarily to the ancient Germanic rasta, a measure of from 3.25 to 6 English miles. Mile-a-minute (adj.) "very fast" is attested from 1957.
- 1. The President is determined "to go the extra mile for peace".
- 2. "How do you know he's Irish?" —"Sticks out a mile."
- 3. He closed his door and started the quarter-mile walk down the hill.
- 4. A 25 mile traffic jam clogged the northbound carriageway of the M6.
- 5. We stood out a mile on that first day at school.
[ mile 造句 ]