CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
de-, 夺去，损毁。-stroy, 建造，词源同structure,destruct.
- destroy:  As in the case of demolish, to destroy something is almost literally to ‘unbuild’ it. The word comes via Old French destruire from *dēstrūgere, a Vulgar Latin alteration of Latin dēstrūere. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix dē-, denoting reversal of a previous state, and strūere ‘pile up, build’ (source of English construct and structure). Its past participle, dēstructus, has produced English destruction , destructive , and the verb destruct (recorded once in the 17th century but revived in the 1950s by backformation from destruction).
=> construct, destruction, structure
- destroy (v.)
- early 13c., from Old French destruire (12c., Modern French détruire) "destroy, ravage, lay waste," from Vulgar Latin *destrugere (source of Italian distruggere), refashioned (influenced by destructus), from Latin destruere "tear down, demolish," literally "un-build," from de- "un-, down" (see de-) + struere "to pile, build" (see structure (n.)). Related: Destroyed; destroying.
- 1. They can't destroy truth without destroying each and every one of us.
- 2. Frogs eat pests which destroy crops and carry diseases.
- 3. After the killing, he calmly lit a fire to destroy evidence.
- 4. The dispute could destroy Australia's hard-won reputation for industrial stability.
- 5. Criticizing will only destroy a relationship and create feelings of failure.
[ destroy 造句 ]