- adj. 直的；连续的；笔直的；正直的；整齐的
- adv. 直接地；不断地；立即；坦率地
- n. 直；直线
- n. (Straight)人名；(英)斯特雷特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自中古英语 streight,拉直的，过去分词格于 strechen,拉直，展开，来自古英语 streccan,拉 直，展开，词源同 stretch,伸展，延伸。拼写比较 bake,batch.引申词义正的，正直的，以及现 代词义传统的，异性恋的等。
- straight:  Straight began life as the past participle of stretch. Nowadays this verb has a perfectly normal past form (stretched), but in Middle English it was straught (source of distraught , an alteration of distract) or straight – whence the adjective straight. The sense ‘not bent or curved’ derives from the notion of stretching something between two points. Straightaway  originally meant ‘by a straight path’; the temporal sense ‘immediately’ emerged in the 16th century.
=> distract, distraught, stretch
- straight (adj.1)
- late 14c., "direct, undeviating; not crooked, not bent or curved," of a person, "direct, honest;" properly "stretched," adjectival use of Old English streht (earlier streaht), past participle of streccan "to stretch" (see stretch (v.)). Related: Straightly; straightness.
Meaning "true, direct, honest" is from 1520s. Of communication, "clear, unambiguous," from 1862. Sense of "undiluted, uncompromising" (as in straight whiskey, 1874) is American English, first recorded 1856. As an adverb from c. 1300, "in a straight line, without swerving or deviating." Theatrical sense of "serious" (as opposed to popular or comic) is attested from 1895; vaudeville slang straight man first attested 1923.
Go straight in the underworld slang sense is from 1919; straighten up "become respectable" is from 1907. To play it straight is from 1906 in theater, 1907 in sports ("play fair"), with figurative extension; later perhaps also from jazz. Straight arrow "decent, conventional person" is 1969, from archetypal Native American brave name. Straight shooter is from 1928. Straight As "top grades" is from 1920.
- straight (adj.2)
- "conventional," especially "heterosexual," 1941, a secondary sense evolved from straight (adj.1), probably suggested by straight and narrow path "course of conventional morality and law-abiding behavior," which is based on a misreading of Matt. vii:14 (where the gate is actually strait), and the other influence seems to be from strait-laced.
- straight (n.)
- 1640s, "a level position," from straight (adj.1). From 1864 as "straight part of a race track." Poker sense attested from 1841. Meaning "conventional person" is first recorded 1967, from straight (adj.2).
- 1. He finished his conversation and stood up, looking straight at me.
- 2. We'll go to a meeting in Birmingham and come straight back.
- 3. The ball fell straight to the feet of Klinsmann.
- 4. He looked straight ahead and overtook a lumbering lorry.
- 5. Her ear, shoulder and hip are in a straight line.
[ straight 造句 ]