- n. 领域；牧场；旷野；战场；运动场
- vi. 担任场外队员
- adj. 扫描场；田赛的；野生的
- vt. 把暴晒于场上；使上场
- n. (Field)人名；(英、法、德、葡)菲尔德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*pele, 平的，展开，词源同plan, plat. 引申词义田野，领域等。
- field: [OE] Like plain, field seems originally to have meant ‘area of flat, open land’. It comes ultimately from the Indo-European base *plth-, which also produced Greek platús ‘broad’, English place and plaice, and possibly also English flan and flat. A noun derived from it, *peltus, entered prehistoric West Germanic as *felthuz, which subsequently disseminated as German feld, Dutch veld (English acquired veld or veldt  via its Afrikaans offshoot), and English field.
=> flan, flat, place, plaice, veld
- field (n.)
- Old English feld "plain, pasture, open land, cultivated land" (as opposed to woodland), also "a parcel of land marked off and used for pasture or tillage," probably related to Old English folde "earth, land," from Proto-Germanic *felthuz "flat land" (Cognates: Old Saxon and Old Frisian feld "field," Old Saxon folda "earth," Middle Dutch velt, Dutch veld Old High German felt, German Feld "field," but not found originally outside West Germanic; Swedish fält, Danish felt are borrowed from German; Finnish pelto "field" is believed to have been adapted from Proto-Germanic). This is from PIE *pel(e)-tu-, from root *pele- (2) "flat, to spread" (see plane (n.1)). The English spelling with -ie- probably is the work of Anglo-French scribes (compare brief, piece).
As "battle-ground," c. 1300. Meaning "sphere or range of any related things" is from mid-14c. Physics sense is from 1845. Collective use for "all engaged in a sport" (or, in horse-racing, all but the favorite) is 1742; play the field "avoid commitment" (1936) is from notion of gamblers betting on other horses than the favorite. Cricket and baseball sense of "ground on which the game is played" is from 1875. Sense of "tract of ground where something is obtained or extracted" is from 1859. As an adjective in Old English combinations, often with a sense of "rural, rustic" (feldcirice "country-church," feldlic "rural"). Of slaves, "assigned to work in the fields" (1817, in field-hand), opposed to house. A field-trial originally was of hunting dogs.
- field (v.)
- "to go out to fight," 16c., from field (n.) in the specific sense of "battlefield" (Old English). The sports meaning "to stop and return the ball" is first recorded 1823, originally in cricket; figurative sense of this is from 1902. Related: Fielded; fielding.
- 1. He was the fastest thing I ever saw on a baseball field.
- 2. Pinch-hitter Francisco Cabrera lashed a single to left field.
- 3. He was on the training field for some light work yesterday.
- 4. Expertly he zigzagged his way across the field, avoiding the deeper gullies.
- 5. We never defeated them on the field of battle.
[ field 造句 ]