英 ['dʒerɪ,mændə]
  • n. 改变选举区;选区不公正的重新划分
  • vt. 为政党利益改划选区;为一党私利而重新将划分选区
  • vi. 不公正地划分选区;弄虚作假
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1、Gerry + salamander.
gerrymander 不公正的划分选区

来自19世纪初美国马萨诸萨邦州长Elbridge Gerry,其为了获取更多选票,把选区进行人为的划分,被嘲笑新选区看起来如同一只salamander, 因此据此合成了该词。

gerrymander: [19] The story goes that in 1812 the governor of Massachusetts, Elbridge Gerry, instituted some electoral boundary changes favourable to his party, the Democrats. When a painter named Stuart saw these outlined on a map in the office of a newspaper editor, he remarked that the resulting area resembled a salamander in shape. ‘A gerrymander, you mean!’ replied the editor – and the term caught on for ‘unfair manipulation of constituency boundaries’.
gerrymander (v.)
1812, "arrange political divisions in disregard of natural boundaries so as to give one party an advantage in elections," also from 1812 as a noun, American English, from name of Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander. Gerry, governor of Massachusetts, was lampooned when his party redistricted the state in a blatant bid to preserve an Antifederalist majority. One sprawling Essex County district resembled a salamander, and a newspaper editor dubbed it the Gerrymander. Related: Gerrymandered; gerrymandering.
[T]he division of this county into districts has given an opportunity for a Caracatura stamped at Boston and freely circulated here called the Gerrymander. The towns as they lie are disposed as parts of a monster whose feet and claws are Salem and Marblehead. It is one of those political tricks which have success as far as they go. [William Bentley, diary, April 2, 1812]
1. Another law will gerrymander parliament in its favor.


[ gerrymander 造句 ]