- n. 拖船；拖曳；苦干
- vi. 用力拉；竞争；努力做
- vt. 用力拉；较量；用拖船拖
CET6 TEM4 IELTS 考 研
来自古英语 teohan,拉，拖，来自 Proto-Germanic*teuhan,拉，拖，来自 PIE*deuk,拉，词源同 duct,tow.
- tug:  Tug goes back to a prehistoric Germanic base *teukh- ‘pull’ (source also of German ziehen ‘pull’ and English truck , whose original meaning was ‘pull up, gather up’). This in turn was descended from Indo-European *deuk- ‘pull’, from which English gets conduct, duke, reduce, etc.
=> conduct, duct, duke, educate, reduce, tie, tow
- tug (v.)
- c. 1200, from weak grade of Old English teohan "to pull, drag," from Proto-Germanic *teuhan "to pull" (cognates: Old High German zucchen "to pull, jerk," German zücken "to draw quickly), from PIE root *deuk- "to lead" (see duke (n.)). Related to tow (v.). Related: Tugged; tugging.
- tug (n.)
- mid-14c., in reference to some part of a harness;" c. 1500 as "act of pulling or dragging," from tug (v.). Meaning "small, powerful vessel for towing other vessels" is recorded from 1817. Phrase tug of war (1670s) was originally figurative, "the decisive contest, the real struggle," from the noun in the sense "supreme effort, strenuous contest of forces" (1650s). As an actual athletic event, from 1876.
- 1. She knows exactly how to tug at readers' heartstrings.
- 2. The tug crossed our stern not fifty yards away.
- 3. Bobby gave her hair a tug.
- 4. The sailors won at tug-of-war.
- 5. The tug is towing three barges.
[ tug 造句 ]