- gynaecology[gynaecology 词源字典]
- gynaecology:  The Greek word for ‘woman’ was guné. It has relatives in several modern Indo-European languages, including Swedish kvinna, Danish kvinde, Irish Gaelic bean, Welsh benyw, Czech zhena, Russian zhenshchina, Persian zan (whence ultimately English zenana ‘harem’ ), and the now obsolete English quean [OE], and goes back to Indo-European *gwen-.
The resumption of the study of Greek in the 16th century led to increasing adoption of compounds involving guné into English. The earliest recorded ones are gyneconome ‘member of a board of Athenian magistrates whose job was to ensure that women behaved properly’  and gynocracy ‘rule by women’ . Gynaecology is a comparative latecomer, not appearing before the 1840s.
=> queen, zenana[gynaecology etymology, gynaecology origin, 英语词源]