- n. 供给，补给；供应品
- vt. 供给，提供；补充
- vi. 供给；替代
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语 supplere,装满，来自 sub,在下，向上，plere,装填，词源同 fill,full,complement.引 申诸相关词义。
- supply:  Latin supplēre meant ‘fill up, complete’. It was a compound verb formed from the prefix sub- ‘under, from below’, hence ‘up’, and plēre ‘fill’ (source of English accomplish, complete, etc). The sense ‘provide’ evolved via the notion of ‘making good a deficiency, fulfilling a need’. The original meaning is better preserved in supplement , whose Latin ancestor supplēmentum was derived from supplēre.
=> accomplish, complete, full, plus, supplement, surplus
- supply (v.)
- late 14c., "to help, support, maintain," also "fill up, make up for," from Old French soupplier "fill up, make full" (Modern French suppléer) and directly from Latin supplere "fill up, make full, complete," from sub "up from below" (see sub-) + plere "to fill" (see pleio-). The meaning "furnish, provide" first recorded 1520s. Related: Supplied; supplying.
- supply (n.)
- early 15c., "assistance, relief, act of supplying," from supply (v.). Meaning "that which is provided, quantity or amount of something provided" is attested from c. 1600. Meaning "person who temporarily takes the place of another" (especially a minister or preacher) is from 1580s. In the political economy sense (corollary of demand (n.)) it dates from 1776; supply-side (adj.) in reference to economic policy is attested from 1976; as a noun by 1922. Supplies "necessary provisions held for distribution and use" is from c. 1650.
- 1. Poachers have been netting salmon to supply the black market.
- 2. We gained a rich supply of data which would normally be inaccessible.
- 3. There is a plentiful supply of arms on the black market.
- 4. As the baby suckles, a further supply of milk is generated.
- 5. The supply of money in circulation was drastically reduced overnight.
[ supply 造句 ]