- house[house 词源字典]
- house: [OE] The ultimate origins of house are uncertain. The furthest it can be positively traced into the past is to a prehistoric Germanic *khūsam, which also produced German haus, Dutch huus (probably a close relative of English husk), and Swedish hus (descendant of Old Norse hús, which provided the hus- of English husband). Beyond that, all is speculation: some have argued, for instance, that *khūsam came from an Indo-European *keudh- ‘cover, hide’, source also of English hide, hoard, and hut.
=> husband, husk, husting[house etymology, house origin, 英语词源]
- house (n.)
- Old English hus "dwelling, shelter, house," from Proto-Germanic *husan (cognates: Old Norse, Old Frisian hus, Dutch huis, German Haus), of unknown origin, perhaps connected to the root of hide (v.) [OED]. In Gothic only in gudhus "temple," literally "god-house;" the usual word for "house" in Gothic being razn.
Meaning "family, including ancestors and descendants, especially if noble" is from c. 1000. The legislative sense (1540s) is transferred from the building in which the body meets. Meaning "audience in a theater" is from 1660s (transferred from the theater itself, playhouse); as a dance club DJ music style, probably from the Warehouse, a Chicago nightclub where the style is said to have originated. Zodiac sense is first attested late 14c. To play house is from 1871; as suggestive of "have sex, shack up," 1968. House arrest first attested 1936. On the house "free" is from 1889.
And the Prophet Isaiah the sonne of Amos came to him, and saide vnto him, Thus saith the Lord, Set thine house in order: for thou shalt die, and not liue. [2 Kings xx:1, version of 1611]
- house (v.)
- "give shelter to," Old English husian "to take into a house" (cognate with German hausen, Dutch huizen); see house (n.). Related: Housed; housing.