- adj. 冷酷的；糟糕的；残忍的
- n. (Grim)人名；(英、德、俄、捷、匈)格里姆
CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研
1. g (ghost) + rim => grim: 鬼在你的边上、旁边。
2. 前面加鬼(g -> ghost)真恐怖。
3. grim―― g+ rim 鬼在你边上 狰狞的, 阴森的
- grim: [OE] Indo-European *ghrem-, *ghromprobably originated in imitation of the sound of rumbling (amongst its descendants was grumins ‘thunder’ in the extinct Baltic language Old Prussian). In Germanic it became *grem-, *gram-, *grum-, which not only produced the adjective *grimmaz (source of German grimm, Swedish grym, and English, Dutch, and Danish grim) and the English verb grumble , but was adopted into Spanish as grima ‘fright’, which eventually arrived in English as grimace .
=> grimace, grumble
- grim (adj.)
- Old English grimm "fierce, cruel, savage; severe, dire, painful," from Proto-Germanic *grimmaz (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Old High German, German grimm "grim, angry, fierce," Old Norse grimmr "stern, horrible, dire," Swedish grym "fierce, furious"), from PIE *ghrem- "angry," perhaps imitative of the sound of rumbling thunder (compare Greek khremizein "to neigh," Old Church Slavonic vuzgrimeti "to thunder," Russian gremet' "thunder").
A weaker word now than it once was; sense of "dreary, gloomy" first recorded late 12c. It also had a verb form in Old English, grimman (class III strong verb; past tense gramm, past participle grummen), and a noun, grima "goblin, specter," perhaps also a proper name or attribute-name of a god, hence its appearance as an element in place names.
Grim reaper as a figurative phrase for "death" is attested by 1847 (the association of grim and death goes back at least to 17c.). A Middle English expression for "have recourse to harsh measures" was to wend the grim tooth (early 13c.).
- grim (n.)
- "spectre, bogey, haunting spirit," 1620s, from grim (adj.).
- 1. Psychometric tests can save organizations from grim and costly mistakes.
- 2. She was a grim woman with a turned-down mouth.
- 3. The report paints a grim picture of life there.
- 4. Things were pretty grim for a time.
- 5. The committee walked out, grim-faced and shocked.
[ grim 造句 ]