- vt. 抹掉；用海绵擦拭；讨得
- vi. 采集海绵；过寄生生活；海绵般地吸收
- n. 海绵；海绵状物
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语 sponge,来自拉丁语 spongia,来自希腊语 spongos,海绵生物，海绵。该海绵生物为 海绵的原型。由于海绵的吸水性，引申词义白吃，白喝，蹭饭等。
- sponge (n.)
- Old English sponge, spunge, from Latin spongia "a sponge," also "sea animal from which a sponge comes," from Greek spongia, related to spongos "sponge," of unknown origin. "Probably a loanword from a non-IE language, borrowed independently into Greek, Latin and Armenian in a form *sphong-" [de Vaan]. The Latin word is the source of Old Saxon spunsia, Middle Dutch spongie, Old French esponge, Spanish esponja, Italian spugna.
In English in reference to the marine animal from 1530s. To throw in the sponge "quit, submit" (1860) is from prizefighting, in reference to the sponges used to cleanse the faces of combatants between rounds (compare later throw in the towel). Sponge-cake is attested from 1808.
- sponge (v.)
- late 14c., "to soak up with a sponge," also (transitive) "to cleanse or wipe with a sponge," from sponge (n.). The slang sense of "to live in a parasitic manner, live at the expense of others" is attested from 1670s; sponger (n.) in this sense is from 1670s. Originally it was the victim who was the sponge (c. 1600), because he or she was being "squeezed." Intransitive sense "dive for sponges" is from 1881. Related: Sponged; sponging.
- 1. If your child's temperature rises, sponge her down gently with tepid water.
- 2. Fill a bowl with water and gently sponge your face and body.
- 3. Cover the base with a single layer of sponge fingers.
- 4. His mind was like a sponge, ready to absorb anything.
- 5. The child is screwing water out of a sponge.
[ sponge 造句 ]