- n. 口袋；钱；容器
- vt. 隐藏；忍受；将…放入衣袋
- vi. 形成袋或囊
- adj. 小型的，袖珍的；金钱上的
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- pocket:  A pocket is etymologically a ‘small bag’. It comes from Anglo-Norman poket, a diminutive form of poke ‘bag’ (source of English poke ‘bag’ , now used only in the expression ‘buy a pig in a poke’). Its Old French equivalent was poche, source of English pouch  (and of poach). This was acquired from Frankish *pokka ‘bag’, a derivative of the same Germanic base (*puk-) as produced English pock (whose plural has become pox) and pucker.
=> poach, pock, poke, pouch, pucker
- pocket (v.)
- 1580s, "to place in a pocket" (often with implications of dishonesty), from pocket (n.). From the earliest use often figurative. Meaning "to form pockets" is from c. 1600. Related: Pocketed; pocketing.
- pocket (n.)
- mid-14c., pokete, "bag, pouch, small sack," from Anglo-French pokete (13c.), diminutive of Old North French poque "bag" (Old French pouche), from a Germanic source akin to Frankish *pokka "bag," from Proto-Germanic *puk- (see poke (n.)).
Meaning "small bag worn on the person, especially one sewn into a garment" is from early 15c. Sense in billiards is from 1754. Mining sense is attested from 1850; military sense of "area held by troops surrounded by the enemy" is from 1918; the general sense of "small area different than its surroundings" (1926) apparently was extended from the military use. Figuratively, "one's money" (conceived as being kept in a pocket) is from 1717. Pope Pokett (late 15c.) was figurative of the greedy and corrupt Church.
- pocket (adj.)
- 1610s, "of or pertaining to or meant for a pocket," from pocket (n.). Pocket-knife is first recorded 1727; pocket-money is attested from 1630s. Often merely implying a small-sized version of something (for example of of warships, from 1930; also compare Pocket Venus "beautiful, small woman," attested from 1808). Pocket veto attested from 1842, American English.
The "pocket veto" can operate only in the case of bills sent to the President within ten days of Congressional adjournment. If he retain such a bill (figuratively, in his pocket) neither giving it his sanction by signing it, nor withholding his sanction in returning it to Congress, the bill is defeated. The President is not bound to give reasons for defeating a bill by a pocket veto which he has not had at least ten days to consider. In a regular veto he is bound to give such reasons. [James Albert Woodburn, "The American Republic and its Government," Putnam's, 1903]
- 1. He spends most of his pocket money on PlayStation games.
- 2. He took his flashlight from his jacket pocket and switched it on.
- 3. We agreed to give her £6 a week pocket money.
- 4. Something was sticking from the pocket of the little man's grimy shorts.
- 5. Volunteers receive £21 pocket money each week, accommodation and expenses.
[ pocket 造句 ]