CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
蚊子 mosquito 冒死去偷(吸人血)
- mosquito:  Mosquito comes ultimately from the Latin word for ‘fly’, musca (this went back to an Indo-European base *mu-, probably imitative of the sound of humming, which also produced English midge [OE], and hence its derivative midget  – originally a ‘tiny sand-fly’). Musca became Spanish mosca, whose diminutive form reached English as mosquito – etymologically a ‘small fly’. (The Italian descendant of musca, incidentally, is also mosca, and its diminutive, moschetto, was applied with black humour to the ‘bolt of a crossbow’. From it English gets musket .)
=> midge, midget, musket
- mosquito (n.)
- 1580s, from Spanish mosquito "little gnat," diminutive of mosca "fly," from Latin musca "fly," from PIE root *mu- "gnat, fly," imitative of insect buzzing (compare Sanskrit maksa-, Greek myia, Old English mycg, Modern English midge, Old Church Slavonic mucha), perhaps imitative of the sound of humming insects.
- 1. I threw aside my mosquito net and jumped out of bed.
- 2. Avoiding mosquito bites is easier said than done.
- 3. A mosquito had bitten her and her arm had swollen up.
- 4. He started reading when he was knee - high to a mosquito.
- 5. I slapped at the mosquito but missed.
[ mosquito 造句 ]