英 ['skæfəʊld; -f(ə)ld]
- n. 脚手架；鹰架；绞刑台
- vt. 给…搭脚手架；用支架支撑
1. Scaff (人名：斯卡夫) + old => 斯卡夫这么老了还是被送上了绞刑台，因为他在脚手架上故意将人推下致死而被判处了绞刑。
来自中古英语 scaffold,脚手架，临时搭的平台，来自古法语 eschaffaut,高台，来自拉丁语 scadafaltum,来自 ex-,向外，catafalcum,高台，高的看台，可能来自 cata-,向下，falcum,架子， 平台，词源同 balcony,balk.后引申词义断头台，绞刑架。
- scaffold:  Historically, scaffold and catafalque  ‘coffin-stand’ are virtually the same word. Catafalque comes via French catafalque and Italian catafalco from Vulgar Latin *catafalcum, a word of uncertain origin. Combination with the prefix ex- produced *excatafalcum, which passed into English via Old French eschaffaut and Anglo-Norman *scaffaut.
The word originally denoted any sort of platform, and did not narrow down to ‘platform for executions’ until the 16th century. The derivative scaffolding, a term which originally alluded to the platforms set up around a building rather than to poles supporting them, also dates from the 14th century.
- scaffold (n.)
- mid-14c., "wooden framework used in building, etc., temporary structure for workmen to make walls," a shortening of an Old North French variant of Old French eschafaut "scaffold" (Modern French échafaud), probably altered (by influence of eschace "a prop, support") from chaffaut, from Vulgar Latin *catafalicum (see catafalque). Meaning "platform for a hanging" is from 1550s. Dutch schavot, German Schafott, Danish skafot are from French. As a verb from 1540s.
- 1. Moore ascended the scaffold and addressed the executioner.
- 2. He turned towards the scaffold, and stretched forth his arms.
- 他转向刑台, 向前伸出双臂.
来自英汉文学 - 红字
- 3. Then, down he sank upon the scaffold!
- 随后, 他就瘫倒在刑台上了!
来自英汉文学 - 红字
- 4. Treating each tree as a separate scaffold of a very low - headed tree.
- 5. The men on the scaffold turned about and drank to our healths.
[ scaffold 造句 ]