- n. 拳，拳头；〈口〉笔迹；掌握；[印]指标参见号
- vt. 紧握；握成拳；用拳打
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*penkwe, 五，词源同five, finger. 用于指拳头。
- fist: [OE] Like finger, fist seems etymologically to be a reference to the number of fingers on the hand. It comes from a prehistoric West Germanic *fūstiz (source also of German faust and Dutch vuist). This may represent an earlier *fungkhstiz, which has been referred to an Indo- European ancestor *pngkstis, a derivative of *pengke ‘five’. (Dutch vuist ‘fist’, incidentally, is probably the source of English foist , which originally denoted the dishonest concealing of a dice in one’s hand.)
=> finger, five, foist
- fist (n.)
- Old English fyst "fist, clenched hand," from West Germanic *fustiz (cognates: Old Saxon fust, Old High German fust, Old Frisian fest, Middle Dutch vuust, Dutch vuist, German Faust), from Proto-Germanic *funhstiz, probably ultimately from PIE *penkwe- "five" (see five, and compare Old Church Slavonic pesti, Russian piasti "fist").
Meaning "a blow with the fist" is from 1767. Fist-fight "duel with the fists" is from c. 1600. As a verb, Old English had fystlian "to strike with the fist."
- 1. Without warning, Bardo smacked his fist into his open hand.
- 2. She shook her fist. "I'll show you," she said.
- 3. My son had a tantrum and banged his fist on the ground.
- 4. He raised his right fist and declaimed: "Liar and cheat!"
- 5. The iron-fist policy towards the fundamentalists is unlikely to be interrupted.
[ fist 造句 ]