- vi. 航行；启航，开船
- n. 帆，篷；航行
- vt. 航行
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 segl,帘子，帆布，帆，来自 Proto-Germanic*segla,帘子，帆布，来自 PIE*sek,切， 砍，词源同 saw,segment.拼写比较 rail,rule,regulate.引申词义航行。
- sail: [OE] Sail has numerous relatives in the other Germanic languages, among them German and Swedish segel, Dutch zeil, and Danish sejl. These all come from a prehistoric Germanic *seglam, which some have traced back to an Indo-European *seklom. This was presumably formed from the same Indo-European base (*sek- ‘cut’) that produced English dissect, saw, segment, etc, and so sail may signify etymologically a piece of ‘cut’ cloth.
=> dissect, saw, segment
- sail (n.)
- Old English segl "sail, veil, curtain," from Proto-Germanic *seglom (cognates: Old Saxon, Swedish segel, Old Norse segl, Old Frisian seil, Dutch zeil, Old High German segal, German Segel), of obscure origin with no known cognates outside Germanic (Irish seol, Welsh hwyl "sail" are Germanic loan-words). In some sources (Klein, OED) referred to PIE root *sek- "to cut," as if meaning "a cut piece of cloth." To take the wind out of (someone's) sails (1888) is to deprive (someone) of the means of progress, especially by sudden and unexpected action, "as by one vessel sailing between the wind and another vessel," ["The Encyclopaedic Dictionary," 1888].
- sail (v.)
- Old English segilan "travel on water in a ship; equip with a sail," from the same Germanic source as sail (n.); cognate with Old Norse sigla, Middle Dutch seghelen, Dutch zeilen, Middle Low German segelen, German segeln. Meaning "to set out on a sea voyage, leave port" is from c. 1200. Related: Sailed; sailing.
- 1. They were going to sail around the little island, against the tide.
- 2. He loaded his vessel with another cargo and set sail.
- 3. We decided, more or less on a whim, to sail to Morocco.
- 4. Christopher Columbus set sail for the New World in the Santa Maria.
- 5. He went ashore leaving me to start repairing the torn sail.
[ sail 造句 ]