- n. 水闸；蓄水；洗矿槽
- vt. 冲洗；开闸放水
- vi. 奔流
来自早期拼写 scluse,来自古法语 escluse,来自拉丁语 exclusa,水闸，闸门，来自 ex-,向外，-claus, 关闭，阻挡，词源同 close,conclusion.引申动词词义冲洗，流泻。
- sluice:  A sluice is etymologically a device for ‘excluding’ water. The word comes via Old French escluse from Gallo-Roman *exclūsa, a noun use of the feminine past participle of Latin exclūdere ‘shut out’ (source of English exclude ). This was a compound verb formed from the prefix ex- ‘out’ and claudere ‘shut’ (source of English close).
=> close, exclude
- sluice (n.)
- c. 1400, earlier scluse (mid-14c.), a shortening of Old French escluse "sluice, floodgate" (Modern French écluse), from Late Latin exclusa "barrier to shut out water" (in aqua exclusa "water shut out," i.e. separated from the river), from fem. singular of Latin exclusus, past participle of excludere "to shut out" (see exclude).
- sluice (v.)
- 1590s, from sluice (n.). Related: Sluiced; sluicing.
- 1. We opened the sluice and the water poured in.
- 2. They sluice the streets down every morning.
- 3. They regulate the flow of water by the sluice gate.
- 4. Out of the sluice springs an exhaustible supply of water.
- 5. A major practice is to sluice through pipelines to settling pond.
[ sluice 造句 ]