- n. 指南；向导；入门书
- vt. 引导；带领；操纵
- vi. 担任向导
- n. (Guide)人名；(法、葡)吉德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*weid, 看，词源同vision, wise. 日耳曼w音进入罗曼语系通常发gu音。
- guide:  The ancestor of guide was Germanic *wit- ‘know’, source of English wise, wit, and witness. From it was derived a verb *wītan, and the Franks, a West Germanic people who conquered Gaul in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD, brought it with them. It eventually became Old French guider, and was borrowed by English. The semantic progression from ‘knowing’ to ‘showing’ is also displayed in the related German weisen ‘show, direct, indicate’.
=> wise, wit, witness
- guide (v.)
- late 14c., "to lead, direct, conduct," from Old French guider "to guide, lead, conduct" (14c.), earlier guier, from Frankish *witan "show the way" or a similar Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *witanan "to look after, guard, ascribe to, reproach" (cognates: German weisen "to show, point out," Old English witan "to reproach," wite "fine, penalty"), from PIE *weid- "to see" (see vision). The form of the French word influenced by Old Provençal guidar (n.) "guide, leader," or Italian guidare, both from the same source. Related: Guided; guiding. Guided missile, one capable of altering course in flight, is from 1945.
- guide (n.)
- mid-14c., "one who shows the way," from Old French guide, 14c., verbal noun from guider (see guide (v.)). In book titles from 1610s; meaning "book of information on local sites" is from 1759. In 18c. France, a "for Dummies" or "Idiot's Guide to" book would have been a guid' âne, literally "guide-ass." Guide-dog for the blind is from 1932.
- 1. This is it, folks: the best record guide in the business.
- 2. A guide gives a brief talk on the history of the site.
- 3. The guide book contains a short write-up of each hotel.
- 4. The national curriculum must be a guide, not a straitjacket.
- 5. The new e-books will include a host of Rough Guide titles.
[ guide 造句 ]