英 [ɪk'stɜːmɪneɪt; ek-]
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ex-, 向外。-term, 界限，终端，词源同term, terminal. 即赶到界限外面，根除。
- exterminate (v.)
- 1540s, "drive away," from Latin exterminatus, past participle of exterminare "drive out, expel, put aside, drive beyond boundaries," also, in Late Latin "destroy," from phrase ex termine "beyond the boundary," from ex- "out of" (see ex-) + termine, ablative of termen "boundary, limit, end" (see terminus).
Meaning "destroy utterly" is from 1640s in English, a sense found in equivalent words in French and in the Vulgate; earlier in this sense was extermine (mid-15c.). Related: Exterminated; exterminating.
- 1. A huge effort was made to exterminate the rats.
- 2. Some people exterminate garden insects by spraying poison on the plants.
- 3. It is necessary to exterminate the post at the sawmill.
- 4. This spray will exterminate the termites.
- 5. Vermin don't have to exterminate themselves.
[ exterminate 造句 ]