- vt. 射击，射中；拍摄；发芽；使爆炸；给…注射
- vi. 射击；发芽；拍电影
- n. 射击；摄影；狩猎；急流
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
1、from PIE root *skeud- "to shoot, to chase, to throw, to project".
2、具有同源性的单词：scoot, scud, shoot.
来自古英语 sceotan,投，射，来自 Proto-Germanic*skeutanan,投，射，来自 PIE*skeud,投，射， 词源同 sheet,shot,shut.引申诸相关词义。
- shoot: [OE] Like sheet, shout, shut, and perhaps skit , shoot goes back ultimately to the prehistoric Germanic base *skeut-, *skaut-, *skut- ‘project’. This formed the basis of a verb *skeutan, which evolved into German schiessen, Dutch schieten, Swedish skjuta, and Danish skyde as well as English shoot. The noun shot comes from the same source.
=> sheet, shot, shout, shut
- shoot (n.2)
- 1530s, "an act of shooting;" 1852 as "a shooting match or party," from shoot (v.).
- shoot (v.)
- Old English sceotan "to hurl missiles, cast; strike, hit, push; run, rush; send forth swiftly; wound with missiles" (class II strong verb; past tense sceat, past participle scoten), from Proto-Germanic *skeutanan (cognates: Old Saxon skiotan, Old Norse skjota "to shoot with (a weapon); shoot, launch, push, shove quickly," Old Frisian skiata, Middle Dutch skieten, Dutch schieten, Old High German skiozan, German schießen), from PIE root *skeud- "to shoot, to chase, to throw, to project" (cognates: Sanskrit skundate "hastens, makes haste," Old Church Slavonic iskydati "to throw out," Lithuanian skudrus "quick, nimble").
In reference to pool playing, from 1926. Meaning "to strive (for)" is from 1967, American English. Sense of "descend (a river) quickly" is from 1610s. Meaning "to inject by means of a hypodermic needle" is attested from 1914. Meaning "photograph" (especially a movie) is from 1890. As an interjection, an arbitrary euphemistic alteration of shit, it is recorded from 1934. Shoot the breeze "chat" first recorded 1941. Shoot-'em-up (adj.) in reference to violent entertainment (Western movies, etc.) is from 1942. Shoot to kill first attested 1867. Shoot the cat "to vomit" is from 1785. To shoot the moon originally meant "depart by night with ones goods to escape back rent" (1829).
O, 'tis cash makes such crowds to the gin shops roam,
And 'tis cash often causes a rumpus at home ;
'Tis when short of cash people oft shoot the moon ;
And 'tis cash always keeps our pipes in tune.
Cash! cash! &c.
["The Melodist and Mirthful Olio, An Elegant Collection of the Most Popular Songs," vol. IV, London, 1829]
- shoot (n.1)
- "young branch of a tree or plant," mid-15c., from shoot (v.). Also "heavy, sudden rush of water" (1610s); "artificial channel for water running down" (1707); "conduit for coal, etc." (1844).
- 1. Namibian law permits ranchers to shoot cheetahs to protect their livestock.
- 2. I also met with Pollack again to kind of shoot the bull.
- 3. If raging inflation returns, then interest rates will shoot up.
- 4. A tripod also lets you shoot long exposures at night.
- 5. He would rather shoot himself than compromise his principles.
[ shoot 造句 ]