CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
- temperature:  Like its relatives temper and temperament, temperature originally meant ‘mixture’ (Philemon Holland in 1601 wrote of ‘a temperature of brass and iron together’). The modern sense ‘degree of heat’ emerged in the late 17th century, and seems to have evolved from another early and now obsolete sense, ‘mild weather’. This reflected the ‘restraint’ strand of meaning in the word’s ultimate source, Latin temperāre, which also survives in English temperance and temperate.
- temperature (n.)
- mid-15c., "fact of being tempered, proper proportion;" 1530s, "character or nature of a substance," from Latin temperatura "a tempering, moderation," from temperatus, past participle of temperare "to be moderate; to mingle in due proportion" (see temper (v.)). Sense of "degree of heat or cold" first recorded 1670 (Boyle), from Latin temperatura, used in this sense by Galileo. Meaning "fever, high temperature" is attested from 1898.
- 1. Serve the cake warm or at room temperature, cut in squares.
- 2. She was admitted to hospital with a soaring temperature.
- 3. If your child's temperature rises, sponge her down gently with tepid water.
- 4. The temperature in the south will soar into the hundreds.
- 5. The star's surface temperature is reckoned to be minus 75 degrees Celsius.
[ temperature 造句 ]