英 ['hʌrɪk(ə)n; -keɪn]
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1. hurri- (hurry) + cane (棍子) => 急匆匆而来的一根棍子（形容飓风）。
- hurricane:  European voyagers first encountered the swirling winds of the hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, and they borrowed a local word to name it – Carib huracan. This found its way into English via Spanish. (An early alternative form was furacano, which came from a Carib variant furacan.)
- hurricane (n.)
- 1550s, a partially deformed adoptation from Spanish huracan (Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdés, "Historia General y Natural de las Indias," 1547-9), furacan (in the works of Pedro Mártir De Anghiera, chaplain to the court of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella and historian of Spanish explorations), from an Arawakan (W. Indies) word. In Portuguese, it became furacão. For confusion of initial -f- and -h- in Spanish, see hacienda. The word is first in English in Richard Eden's "Decades of the New World":
These tempestes of the ayer (which the Grecians caule Tiphones ...) they caule furacanes.
OED records 39 different spellings, mostly from the late 16c., including forcane, herrycano, harrycain, hurlecane. Modern form became frequent from 1650, established after 1688. Shakespeare uses hurricano ("King Lear," "Troilus and Cressida"), but in reference to waterspouts.
- 1. The agency was heavily criticised for its tardy response to the hurricane.
- 2. Hurricane Andrew was last night heading into the Gulf of Mexico.
- 3. The eye of the hurricane hit Florida just south of Miami.
- 4. Hurricane Andrew has passed over the southern tip of Florida.
- 5. In 1346 a hurricane whipped up the sea to destroy the town.
[ hurricane 造句 ]