1. 火腿肠(ham sausage), 火腿(ham).
- hamstring (v.)
- 1640s, "to disable, render useless," a figurative verbal extension from hamstring (n.) "tendon at the back of the knee." Cutting this would render a person or animal lame. Literal sense of the verb is attested from 1670s. Since it is a verb from a noun-noun compound, hamstrung as a past participle is technically incorrect.
[I]n hamstring, -string is not the verb string; we do not string the ham, but do something to the tendon called the hamstring; the verb, that is, is made not from the two words ham & string, but from the noun hamstring. It must therefore make hamstringed. [Fowler]
- hamstring (n.)
- "tendon at the back of the knee," 1560s, from ham "bend of the knee" (see ham (n.1)) + string (n.).
- 1. She's pulled a hamstring.
- 2. If he becomes the major opposition leader, he could hamstring a conservative-led coalition.
- 3. A damaged hamstring has ruled him out of contention for Wednesday's international against Spain.
- 4. Webster has not played since suffering a hamstring injury in the opening game.
- 5. He felt a slight twinge in his damaged hamstring.
[ hamstring 造句 ]