TEM8 GRE TOEFL
1. shed => sheath.
2. The notion underlying it would have been of a stick split open so that a sword blade could be inserted into it.
来自古英语 sceath,套，护套，来自 proto-Germanic*skaithiz,套，护套，来自 PIE*skei,切，分 开，词源同 segment,section,science.比喻用法，即两块分开的木板，剑鞘的原型。
- sheath: [OE] A sheath is probably etymologically a ‘split stick’. The word comes from a prehistoric Germanic *skaithiz, which also produced German scheide, Dutch schede, and Danish skede. This seems to have been derived from the base *skaith ‘divide, split’ (source also of English shed ‘give off, drop’ and ski), in which case the notion underlying it would have been of a stick split open so that a sword blade could be inserted into it.
=> shed, ski
- sheath (n.)
- Old English sceað, scæð, from Proto-Germanic *skaithiz (cognates: Old Saxon scethia, Old Norse skeiðir (plural), Old Frisian skethe, Middle Dutch schede, Dutch schede, Old High German skaida, German scheide "a sheath, scabbard"), according to OED, possibly from root *skei- "divide, split" (see shed (v.)) on notion of a split stick with the sword blade inserted. Meaning "condom" is recorded from 1861; sense of "close-fitting dress or skirt" is attested from 1904.
- 1. the sheath around an electric cable
- 2. He drew his sword from its sheath.
- 3. This suit of clothing is more inexpensive than that sheath.
- 4. He was not ready to sheath all his weapons.
- 5. He wiped the knife and put it back in the sheath.
[ sheath 造句 ]