- n. 图表；海图；图纸；排行榜
- vt. 绘制…的图表；在海图上标出；详细计划；记录；记述；跟踪（进展或发展
- n. (Chart)人名；(泰)察
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. card <==> chart.
- chart:  English card and chart are related. Both come from Latin charta ‘paper’, but whereas card was routed via French carte, and for some reason changed its t to a d, chart was borrowed directly from the Latin word, in which the meaning ‘map’ had already developed. Latin charta originally denoted ‘leaf of the papyrus plant’, and developed the sense ‘paper’ because paper was originally made from papyrus (indeed the English word paper comes from papyrus).
It came from Greek khártēs, which is probably of Egyptian origin. It has provided the basis of a number of other English words besides card and chart, including charter , which comes via Old French from Latin chartula, a diminutive form of charta; carton , which comes from a French derivative, and was originally used in English for the ‘white disc at the centre of a target’; and, via Italian carta, cartel, cartoon, cartouche, and cartridge. Cartel  comes via French from the Italian diminutive form cartello, which meant literally ‘placard’.
It was used metaphorically for ‘letter of defiance’, and entered English with the sense ‘written challenge’. The modern commercial sense comes from German kartell. Cartouche  comes via French from Italian cartoccio. It originally signified a ‘cartridge’, made from a roll or twist of paper; the modern architectural sense of ‘ornamental tablet’ arose from its original scroll-like shape. Cartridge  is an English modification of cartouche; an intermediate form was cartage.
=> card, cartel, carton, cartoon, cartouche, cartridge, charter
- chart (n.)
- 1570s, "map for the use of navigators," from Middle French charte "card, map," from Late Latin charta "paper, card, map" (see card (n.1)). Charte is the original form of the French word in all senses, but after 14c. (perhaps by influence of Italian cognate carta), carte began to supplant it. English used both carte and card 15c.-17c. for "chart, map," and in 17c. chart could mean "playing card," but the words have gone their separate ways and chart has predominated since in the "map" sense. In the music score sense from 1957.
- chart (v.)
- 1837, "to enter onto a map or chart," from chart (n.). In the commercial recording sense, a reference to appearing on the "Billboard" magazine music popularity chart is by 1961. The chart itself was printed from c. 1942. Related: Charted; charting.
- 1. The chart can then display the links connecting these groups.
- 2. The kinked line in chart 1 represents this pattern.
- 3. Consult the chart on page 44 for the correct cooking times.
- 4. The numbers she put on the chart were 98.4, 64, and 105.
- 5. As the chart shows, it has failed abysmally.
[ chart 造句 ]