- n. （植物的）茎，秆；（支持叶子、果实和花的）梗，柄；追踪；高视阔步
- vt. 追踪，潜近；高视阔步
- vi. 高视阔步地走；潜近，偷偷接近
CET6 GRE 考 研 TOEFL
1. stand => stalk.
2. steal => stalk.
3. steal + walk => steal walk => stalk.
4. probably from a frequentative of the root of steal (cf. hark from hear, talk from tell).
5. "walk haughtily" (opposite meaning of stalk (v1.)) is 1520s, perhaps from stalk (n.) with a notion of "long, awkward strides".
来自中古英语 stalke,小杆，小柱，小词形式于 stale,来自古英语 stalu,直柱，立柱，来自 Proto-Germanic*stallaz,放置，固定位置，来自 PIE*stel,放置，站立，词源同 stall,stand.引申 词义叶柄，花茎等。stalk 跟踪，盯梢，偷偷接近
可能来自 steal,偷，偷偷摸摸，-k,表强调，比较 hear,hark,tell,talk.引申词义跟踪，盯梢等。
- stalk: English has two distinct words stalk. The noun, ‘plant stem’ , probably originated as a diminutive form of the now extinct stale ‘long handle’, a word distantly related to Greek steleá ‘handle’. The verb, ‘track stealthily’ [OE], goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *stalkōjan, which was formed from the same base as produced English steal. The sense ‘walk haughtily’, diametrically opposed to ‘track stealthily’, emerged in the 16th century.
- stalk (n.)
- "stem of a plant," early 14c., probably a diminutive (with -k suffix) of stale "one of the uprights of a ladder, handle, stalk," from Old English stalu "wooden part" (of a tool or instrument), from Proto-Germanic *stalla- (cognates: Old English steala "stalk, support," steall "place"), from PIE *stol-no-, suffixed form of *stol-, variant of root *stel- "to put, stand" (see stall (n.1)). Of similar structures in animals from 1826.
- stalk (v.1)
- "pursue stealthily," Old English -stealcian, as in bestealcian "to steal along, walk warily," from Proto-Germanic *stalkon, frequentative of PIE *stel-, possibly a variant of *ster- (3) "to rob, steal" (see steal (v.)). Compare hark/hear, talk/tell). In another view the Old English word might be from a sense of stalk (v.1), influenced by stalk (n.). Meaning "harass obsessively" first recorded 1991. Related: Stalked; stalking.
A stalking-horse in literal use was a horse draped in trappings and trained to allow a fowler to conceal himself behind it to get within range of the game; figurative sense of "person who participates in a proceeding to disguise its real purpose" is recorded from 1610s.
- stalk (v.2)
- "walk haughtily" (nearly the opposite meaning of stalk (v.1)), 1520s, perhaps from stalk (n.) with a notion of "long, awkward strides," or from Old English stealcung "a stalking, act of going stealthily," related to stealc "steep, lofty."
- 1. Once again there'stalk of very dark days ahead.
- 2. The lion will often stalk its prey for hours.
- 3. A sesame stalk puts forth blossoms notch by notch, higher and higher.
- 4. A single pale blue flower grows up from each joint on a long stalk.
- 5. Police officers lie in wait for the gangs who stalk their prey at night.
[ stalk 造句 ]